Brewing grain substitution chart

Find the grain your recipe asks for in the list, hover over it with your mouse and find the replacement same row. There will be slight variations between manufacturers.

Crystal malt can be substituted with a slightly paler or darker version if your homebrew store doesn't carry the exact color. Don't be afraid to make substitutes.

All values between brackets are in EBC.

Updated September 2022.

Content taken from and expanded.
BriessThe SwaenDingemansCastle /ChateauPaulsMuntonsThomas FawcettBairdsWeyermannBestMaltzAvangardFranco-BelgesViking
2-Row PalePilsener, LagerPilsen MDPilsenOdd AmphibianPilsner, LagerLagerLagerPilsner, Premium PilsnerPilsen, HeidelbergPilsenPilsenPilsner Zero, Pilsner
Pale AleAle, Dutch Pale AlePale Ale 9 MDPale AlePale Whale, Albino WhalePale Malt, Super Pale MaltHalcyon, Optic, Pearl, Golden PromisePale AlePale AlePale AlePale AlePale AlePale Ale, Golden Ale
Maris OtterMaris OtterMaris OtterMaris OtterMaris Otter
AshburneMild maltMild AleViennaViennaSp. Aromatic
Bonlander MunichMunich LightMunich 15Munich LightMuscleyMunichMunichMunichMunich IMunichMunichMunichMunich Light
Munich 20Munich DarkMunichMunich IIMunich DarkDark MunichMunich Dark
CaraPilsCara ClairCara Malt 10CaraPils/CaraFoamCaramel PilsCaraBody, Dextrin
Victory, American HoneyMelanyAmber - Aromatic MD, Aroma 100Melano, Melano LightMiserable FishMelanoidinMelanoidin, Melanoidin LightKiln Amber
Caramel Malt 10GoldSwaen LightCara 20Cara BlondCaptains ClassicCara Malt 30CaraMaltLight CaramaltCaraHell / (CaraBelge)Light CaramelCaramel PilsenCaramel 30
Caramel Malt 20GoldSwaen RedCaraRedCaramel ViennaCaramel 50
Caramel Malt 30Cara 50Pale Crystal Malt (60 - 90)Medium CaramaltCaraMunich I, CaraAmberCaramel Munich ICaramel Amber
Caramel Malt 40 (80)Light CrystalCaraMunich IICaramel Munich IICaramel Munich 40Caramel 100
Caramel Malt 60 (120)Cara 120Cara GoldLucky SquidCrystal Malt 110CaraMunich IIICaramel Munich IIIDark CaramelCaramel Munich 60
Caramel Malt 80 (160)Chateau CrystalMark 5Crystal Malt 150Crystal Malt (150 - 175)Medium CrystalCaramel Munich 80Caramel 150
Caramel Malt 90Caramel 200
Caramel Malt 120Cara 200Special BelgiumDeep DiverCrystal Malt 240Dark Crystal (250 - 300)Dark CrystalCaraAroma, Special WCaramel Munich 120Caramel 300
Special BThe Shell ShockerCrystal Malt 400Extra Dark CrystalCaramel 400
Special RoastSpecial BBrown MaltBrown Malt (175 - 200)Brown Malt (110 – 130)Kiln Amber
CoffeeCoffee Mroost 450 MDChateau Chocolat LightReliable Lighthouse LightLight ChocolatePale Chocolate (560-690)Chocolate Light (350-450)
ChocolateChocolate BMroost 900 MDChateau ChocolatReliable LighthouseChocolateChocolateChocolateCarafa (Special) IChocolateChocolateChocolate Dark
Black PatentBlack Mroost 1400Black MaltAngry BearBlackBlack MaltBlack MaltCarafa (Special) IIIBlack MaltKiln BlackBlack
Roasted BarleyBarleyPealed Roasted BarleyRoasted BarleyAngry AnglerRoasted BarleyRoasted BarleyRoasted BarleyRoasted BarleyRoasted Barley
Black W, Chocolate WMroost Wheat MaltWheat BlackRoasted WheatChocolate WheatRoasted Wheat
WheatWheat ClassicWheat Malt MDWheat BlancWashy FrothyWheatWheatWheatWheat
Wheat DarkWheat CafeDark WheatDark Wheat
Karrewheat 77Wheat CrystalCrystal WheatCaraWheatCaramel Wheat MaltCaramel Wheat
BlackSwaen RyeToasted Rye 40Roasted RyeRoasted Rye
Rye MaltSwaen RyeRye MaltRye MaltRye MaltRye MaltRye Malt
GoldSwaen RyeDark Crystal RyeCrystal RyeCaraRyeCaramel Rye Malt
GoldSwaen OatOat MaltOat MaltOat Malt
SauerAcidAcidulated MaltAcid Malt
SmokeSmoked, Peated, WhiskeyThirsty ThistlePeated MaltOak Smoked, Beech SmokedSmoked, Smoked Wheat, Lightly Peated